Fashion we know – created by designers patterns for reproduce and imitate, born in the nineteenth century. This situation is directly linked to phenomenon of Lebensreform (reform of life), which is a number of effects that wear response to the conflicts of industrial era. Movement has born in Germany and Switzerland. Besides reform of the clothes this movement included also such phenomena as natural medicine, organic food, theosophy, vegetarianism or naturism. All these phenomena have one in common,that they were animated by the light of the society, which has set itself the task of creating new patterns of morality.
The dress reform itself had nothing to do with fashion, this movement has been created only for eliminated extremely expensive and uncomfortable items of clothing, especially women’s, and replacing them with a simpler forms. Clothing reform on his way encountered on serious opponent, the English designer Charles Frederick Worth. From 1846 he lived and work in Paris, he is also considered as a creator of Haute Couture. Worth in 1858 in Paris opened, the first fashion house – Worth et Bobergh. His great outfits sewn form expensive fabrics and decorated with sequins, straight away became popular and Whort become designer of Empress Eugenia or Elisabeth of Austria better known as “Sisi”. He is also initiated the sale of cutouts to foreign economic operators. He also initiated the sale of cutouts to foreign economic operators, and started to placed a his logo on all of his costumes. He is also responsible for change of women shapes. Whort change crinoline for a tournure, but not because of practical reasons only for aesthetic reasons.